The Revolving Oven: How Modern Baking Evolved

The revolving oven is a staple fixture in bakeries and commercial kitchens everywhere. You may not be able to picture life without it, but over 150 years ago, bakers only had one oven surface to work with at a time!


The revolving oven is a versatile, effective, dependable appliance that’s a must-have if you regularly produce bread, bagels, pizza and other similar goods. You can keep up with demand and still put out a high-quality, evenly cooked product.

Who Invented It?

Hosea Ball is credited with patenting the initial design of the first mechanical oven. These ovens started showing up in bakeries during the 1850s. The design was adapted and acted as the catalyst for the rapidly growing cracker industry that was taking off during those years.

E.O. Brinckerhoff Ship Bread & Cracker Company in New York and F.A. Kennedy Cracker Company in Massachusetts used adapted versions of the revolving oven to speed up production on a mass scale.

Revolving and Evolving

When compared to the standard oven of the time, the revolving oven offered an immense improvement on the production level bakeries were able to maintain. The initial designs featured eight to 12 iron shelves that were built around a large drum. The drum was mounted on a shaft and powered by an external motor that evenly rotated the shelves above the heat source, located at the bottom of the large chamber. Coal and wood were used at first.

As the years went by, natural gas began to replace of coal and wood. Manufacturers began insulating the chambers of the ovens with steel. External steam boilers were added to integrate steam into the baking process.

Modern Features That Make Baking Easy

Today, the modern revolving oven doesn’t look anything like models of the last century, but the same principles of even, effective baking apply.

Modern ovens are much smaller, but they have the capacity to hold more products than ever. Instead of external boilers, they now feature self-generating steam systems that save energy and use the same power source as the oven itself.

Today’s ovens have stable, controllable heat sources with circulatory systems that direct airflow throughout the chamber and reduce fuel usage. You have maximum control over baking times with programmable timers and presets for specific recipes.

Find the Model That’s Right for You

While it started as simply an idea, the revolving oven has made industry and creativity a possibility for bakers throughout the ages. If you need guidance selecting the model size and configuration that will fit your kitchen, trust Stratton Sales. We can help you choose the right appliance to meet demand.

bakery equipment upgrade

6 Reasons to Upgrade Outdated Bakery Equipment

Your trusty bakery equipment has served you well over the years. You’ve created scrumptious products. You’ve built a community of devoted customers. Now you’re looking ahead. How long will your oven or mixer last? Should you start thinking about investing in replacements?

bakery equipment upgrade

Commercial bakers upgrade their bakery equipment for six main reasons.

1. You’re Paying Too Much for Repairs

It’s starting to feel like your appliance repair technician is on your payroll. You’re writing a check nearly every month!

If you’re spending money frequently to make repairs, no matter how minor, it’s probably a sign that your bakery equipment’s life span is coming to an end.

2. You’re Paying Too Much in Utility Bills

Your monthly energy bills can also offer insight as to how well your bakery equipment is functioning. If you’ve noticed a slow rise in your monthly expenses (apart from changing utility rates) it could be because your appliances are losing energy efficiency due to age.

3. Your Business Is Growing

If business is booming, that means production needs to rise with demand. Do your older machines have the capability to put out an increased volume? Needing larger pieces of equipment is never a bad reason to upgrade to newer appliances — it means you are on the road to success.

4. Your Product Focus Has Changed

Maybe you invested in a certain type of mixer or oven five to 10 years ago because you thought it was the best option for your type of baking. But now, maybe your business focus has shifted. You thought you’d be baking bread, but everyone loves your pastries. It may be time to invest in new bakery equipment tailored specifically to what you make most every day.

5. You’re Missing Out on Productive Features

Newer machines have features that clearly outshine your older, outdated models. From preset recipes to touch screens to automatic, mechanical rack ovens, investing in the newest model pays off by decreasing your frustration and increasing your productivity.

6. Your Appliances Just Aren’t Performing Well

Your oven isn’t heating evenly. Your mixer is erratic. Even though older machines may still function, it doesn’t mean they are fit to produce for your bakery. There are only so many repairs you can make until it’s time to accept the fact that you need new bakery equipment.

We Can Help

If you haven’t purchased bakery equipment in the past few years, you will be surprised at the advancements in technology. Trust our team at Stratton Sales to guide you in choosing the machines that fit your production needs and offer clear advantages over your current setup.